Great Pacific garbage patch Wikipedia. The area of increased plastic particles is located within the North Pacific Gyre, one of the five major oceanic gyres. Visualisation showing ocean garbage patches. PATCH PEOPLE ATTENTIVE TO CHILDREN. PATCH is a community service organization dedicated to supporting Hawaiis child care needs. We help families find the right. Aloun Farms Agriculture farm on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii. The highest quality of healthy and freshly grown vegetables, melons and sweet corn. The Great Pacific garbage patch, also described as the Pacific trash vortex, is a gyre of marine debris particles in the central North Pacific Ocean discovered between 1. It is located roughly between 1. W to 1. 55W and 3. N and 4. 2N. 1 The patch extends over an indeterminate area of widely varying range depending on the degree of plastic concentration used to define the affected area. The patch is characterized by exceptionally high relative concentrations of pelagic plastics, chemical sludge and other debris that have been trapped by the currents of the North Pacific Gyre. Its low density 4 particles per cubic meter prevents detection by satellite photography, or even by casual boaters or divers in the area. It consists primarily of a small increase in suspended, often microscopic, particles in the upper water column. Discoveryedit. The Patch is created in the gyre of the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone. The great Pacific garbage patch was described in a 1. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA of the United States. The description was based on results obtained by several Alaska based researchers in 1. North Pacific Ocean. Sims 3 Winter Clothes. Researchers found high concentrations of marine debris accumulating in regions governed by ocean currents. Extrapolating from findings in the Sea of Japan, the researchers hypothesized that similar conditions would occur in other parts of the Pacific where prevailing currents were favorable to the creation of relatively stable waters. They specifically indicated the North Pacific Gyre. Charles J. Moore, returning home through the North Pacific Gyre after competing in the Transpac sailing race in 1. Moore alerted the oceanographer. Curtis Ebbesmeyer, who subsequently dubbed the region the Eastern Garbage Patch EGP. The area is frequently featured in media reports as an exceptional example of marine pollution. The patch is not easily visible, because it consists of tiny pieces almost invisible to the naked eye. Most of its contents are suspended beneath the surface of the ocean,8 and the relatively low density of the plastic debris is, according to one scientific study, 5. A similar patch of floating plastic debris is found in the Atlantic Ocean, called the North Atlantic garbage patch. Informationedit. The north Pacific Garbage Patch on a continuous ocean map. Patch Program Hawaii' title='Patch Program Hawaii' />Pharmacy Program. On Jan. 1, 2017, UnitedHealthcare Community Plan of Nebraska began serving Heritage Health members. To avoid disruption of care, we honored. Join Classmates. com for Free Reconnect with high school friends, browse the biggest database of online yearbooks andor plan high school reunions. Learn about the ocean in motion and how ocean surface currents play a role in navigation, global pollution, and Earths climate. Also discover how observations of. Program available only to members of the 7Rewards SM Program and available only at participating 7Eleven Stores, excluding Hawaii. Go to the 7Eleven Mobile App for. The main places of interest on Hawaii are beaches and the amazing nature volcanoes, waterfalls and national parks. In general, Hawaii isnt called paradise islands. Akin to the Texassize garbage patch in the Pacific, a massive trash vortex has formed from billion of bits of plastic congregating off North Americas Atlantic coast. Supporting environmental education while having fun with others is what volunteering at the Hawaii Nature Center is all about. Volunteer benefits include Tshirts. This is the web site for Rotary District 5000 which includes all fortyeight Rotary Clubs in the State of Hawaii. Patch Program Hawaii' title='Patch Program Hawaii' />It is thought that, like other areas of concentrated marine debris in the worlds oceans, the Great Pacific garbage patch formed gradually as a result of ocean or marine pollution gathered by oceanic currents. The garbage patch occupies a large and relatively stationary region of the North Pacific Ocean bound by the North Pacific Gyre a remote area commonly referred to as the horse latitudes. The gyres rotational pattern draws in waste material from across the North Pacific Ocean, including coastal waters off North America and Japan. As material is captured in the currents, wind driven surface currents gradually move floating debris toward the center, trapping it in the region. There is no strong scientific data concerning the origins of pelagic plastics. In a study published in 2. According to a 2. EPA report, The primary source of marine debris is the improper waste disposal or management of trash and manufacturing products, including plastics e. Debris is generated on land at marinas, ports, rivers, harbors, docks, and storm drains. Debris is generated at sea from fishing vessels, stationary platforms and cargo ships. Pollutants range in size from abandoned fishing nets to micro pellets used in abrasive cleaners. Currents carry debris from the west coast of North America to the gyre in about six years,5 and debris from the east coast of Asia in a year or less. A 2. 01. 7 study conducted by scientists from the University of California, Santa Barbara, and the University of Georgia, concluded that of the 9. The authors estimate that only 9 percent got recycled over the years, while another 1. Another recent Australian study focused on the high rate of seafloor plastic pollution, thereby highlighting an often overlooked aspect of oceanic plastic pollution. The researchers from the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies at the University of Tasmania stated that while the huge volume of plastic debris accumulating in the worlds oceans and on beaches has received global attention, the amount of plastic accumulating on the seafloor is relatively unknown. Estimates of sizeeditThe size of the patch is unknown, as is the precise distribution of debris, because large items readily visible from a boat deck are uncommon. Most debris consists of small plastic particles suspended at or just below the surface, making it difficult to accurately detect by aircraft or satellite. Instead, the size of the patch is determined by sampling. Estimates of size range from 7. Texas to more than 1. Pacific Ocean. Such estimates, however, are conjectural given the complexities of sampling and the need to assess findings against other areas. Further, although the size of the patch is determined by a higher than normal degree of concentration of pelagic debris, there is no standard for determining the boundary between normal and elevated levels of pollutants to provide a firm estimate of the affected area. Net based surveys are less subjective than direct observations but are limited regarding the area that can be sampled net apertures 12 m and ships typically have to slow down to deploy nets, requiring dedicated ships time. The plastic debris sampled is determined by net mesh size, with similar mesh sizes required to make meaningful comparisons among studies. Floating debris typically is sampled with a neuston or manta trawl net lined with 0. Given the very high level of spatial clumping in marine litter, large numbers of net tows are required to adequately characterize the average abundance of litter at sea. Long term changes in plastic meso litter have been reported using surface net tows in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre in 1. Similar dramatic increases in plastic debris have been reported off Japan. However, caution is needed in interpreting such findings, because of the problems of extreme spatial heterogeneity, and the need to compare samples from equivalent water masses, which is to say that, if an examination of the same parcel of water a week apart is conducted, an order of magnitude change in plastic concentration could be observed. In August 2. 00. 9, the Scripps Institution of OceanographyProject Kaisei SEAPLEX survey mission of the Gyre found that plastic debris was present in 1. The survey also confirmed that, although the debris field does contain large pieces, it is on the whole made up of smaller items that increase in concentration toward the Gyres centre, and these confetti like pieces are clearly visible just beneath the surface. Although many media and advocacy reports have suggested that the patch extends over an area larger than the continental U. S., recent research sponsored by the National Science Foundation suggests the affected area may be much smaller.